Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Emma on 04 Nov 2012, 11:16

Menstrual cramps are pains in the belly and pelvic areas that are experienced by a woman as a result of her menstrual period. Menstrual cramps are not the same as the discomfort felt during premenstrual syndrome (PMS), although the symptoms of both disorders can sometimes be experienced as a continual process. Many women suffer from both PMS and menstrual cramps. :( :( :(
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Alex31 on 04 Nov 2012, 11:30

Menstrual cramps can range from mild to quite severe. Mild menstrual cramps may be barely noticeable and of short duration sometimes felt just as a sense of light heaviness in the belly. Severe menstrual cramps can be so painful that they interfere with a woman's regular activities for several days.
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Donat on 04 Nov 2012, 11:35

If you may ask, how common are menstrual cramps? I wil say, Menstrual cramps of some degree affect more than an estimated 50% of women, and among these, up to 15% would describe their menstrual cramps as severe. Surveys of adolescent girls show that over 90% of girls report having menstrual cramps. :o :o
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby benita_) on 04 Nov 2012, 11:39

A layman may ask that, what is dysmenorrhea? This is simply the medical term use, to describe menstrual cramps. There are two types of dysmenorrhea, primary and secondary. :x :x :x
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Nadia on 04 Nov 2012, 11:43

Hi Benita_), please can you explain to us, or me the primary type of menstrual cramp also known as dysmenorrhea. :?: :?:
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby benita_) on 04 Nov 2012, 11:48

Hey Nadia, in primary dysmenorrhea, there is no underlying gynecologic problem causing the pain. This type of cramping may begin within six months to a year following menarche (the beginning of menstruation), the time when a girl starts having menstrual periods. :geek: :geek:
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Lis on 04 Nov 2012, 11:55

Hello Nadia,Menstrual cramps typically do not begin until ovulatory menstrual cycles (when an egg is released from the ovaries) occur, and actual menstrual bleeding usually begins before the onset of ovulation. Therefore, an adolescent girl may not experience dysmenorrhea until months to years following the onset of menstruation. ;) ;)
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby benita_) on 04 Nov 2012, 11:56

Also in secondary dysmenorrhea, some underlying abnormal condition (usually involving a woman's reproductive system) contributes to the menstrual pain. Secondary dysmenorrhea may be evident at menarche but, more often, the condition develops later. :P :P :P
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Emma on 04 Nov 2012, 12:01

What causes menstrual cramps?
Each month, the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) normally builds up in preparation for a possible pregnancy. After ovulation, if the egg is not fertilized by a sperm, no pregnancy will result and the current lining of the uterus is no longer needed. The woman's estrogen and progesterone hormone levels decline, and the lining of the uterus becomes swollen and is eventually shed as the menstrual flow and is replaced by a new lining in the next monthly cycle. :( :o :shock:
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Re: Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)

Postby Alex31 on 04 Nov 2012, 12:22

When the old uterine lining begins to break down, molecular compounds called prostaglandins are released. These compounds cause the muscles of the uterus to contract. When the uterine muscles contract, they constrict the blood supply (vasoconstriction) to the endometrium. This contraction blocks the delivery of oxygen to the tissue of the endometrium which, in turn, breaks down and dies. :x :x
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