STREP THROAT

Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Mata on 12 Dec 2012, 23:40

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a serious complication of strep throat. It is thought that if the strep throat infection is untreated or inadequately treated by antibiotics, the bacteria remain in the tonsils and promote a persistent immune response from the body. :| :twisted: :twisted: :mrgreen:
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Mado on 12 Dec 2012, 23:41

Certain strains of the bacteria are more likely than others to cause this response. At times, this ongoing immune response may trigger the immune system to mistakenly attack other organs in the body including the joints (causing inflammation of the joints or arthritis) and the heart valves. The involvement of heart valves can cause damage of the heart valves and potential heart failure. :arrow: :arrow: :geek: :geek: :(
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Tony on 12 Dec 2012, 23:42

Treatment with appropriate antibiotics, even if started several days after the resolution of the infection, may prevent acute rheumatic fever. Fortunately, acute rheumatic fever it is now less common than in the pre-antibiotic era. :) :) :) :) :) :) :)
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Nadia on 12 Dec 2012, 23:43

A similar immune process to acute rheumatic fever may involve the kidneys and result in kidney inflammation called post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN). There is unfortunately no evidence that treatment of strep throat will prevent this condition. :idea: :idea: :(
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Pauline on 12 Dec 2012, 23:44

Children under the age of seven are at the highest risk of developing PSGN after an episode of strep throat. This condition is more common but less ominous than rheumatic fever. It typically resolves spontaneously after a few, weeks and generally does not lead to permanent kidney damage. :? :? :? :? :? :?
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Mata on 12 Dec 2012, 23:45

Currently, there are no vaccines available against group A streptococcus bacteria. There are some theoretical concerns about whether a vaccine may initiate immune responses similar to those causing rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis. :geek:
Mata
 
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Mado on 12 Dec 2012, 23:47

The important aspect of preventing strep throat infection is to prevent its spread to others. Simple steps can be taken in order to limit the spread of strep throat: Covering mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, Washing hands frequently, washing dishes and utensils used by the infected individual frequently, not sharing food or drinks with the infected individual. ;) :shock: :shock:
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Tony on 12 Dec 2012, 23:49

Infectious mononucleosis is a virus infection in which there is an increase of white blood cells that are mononuclear (with a single nucleus) "Mono" and "kissing disease" are popular terms for this very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). :idea: :idea: :idea:
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Nadia on 12 Dec 2012, 23:49

Most sore throats are caused by viruses or mechanical causes (such as mouth breathing) and can be treated successfully at home. However, a person should be seen by a health care professional if they have a sore throat that has a rapid onset, and is associated with a fever or tenderness of the front of the neck; a sore throat that causes the person to have difficulty swallowing (not just pain swallowing) or breathing; or if a sore throat lasts for more than a week. :twisted: :twisted:
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Re: STREP THROAT

Postby Pauline on 12 Dec 2012, 23:51

Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical. :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: :cry: 8-)
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